Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough located in South Yorkshire, England. The name ‘Sheffield’ derives from the River Sheaf which runs through the city. With its 534,500 inhabitants (2008 est.) and its approximately 1.2 million inhabitants within the metropolitan area the city of Sheffield is one of the largest cities in England. In this context is has also to be mentioned that the wider Sheffield Urban Area extending beyond the city proper registered a population of 640,720 as of the nationwide census which is commonly known as Census 2001.
Neighboring towns and cities such as Rotherham, Doncaster, and Barnsley belong to the so-called metropolitan area of Sheffield. Five rivers, strictly speaking the Don, Rivelin, Loxley, and Porter, cross the urban area. The western regions of Sheffield are characterized through the Peak District National Park and the southern foothills of the Pennines mountain range. Furthermore it has to be stressed that with its more than 170 forests and 88 public gardens and parks Sheffield represents the greenest city in Europe.
Historically Sheffield was a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire. In the course of time the city has grown and developed from its industrial roots to involve a wider economic base. So during the 19th century, Sheffield gained an international reputation for its grandiose steel production. Strictly speaking a large number of different innovations were developed locally such as for instance crucible and stainless steel. In 1893, Sheffield finally received its municipal charter – a legal document which allows establishing a municipality such as a city or a town. This was the point of time when Sheffield officially became the City of Sheffield. From now on Sheffield entered the international competition in iron and steel.
The Sheffield City Airport proves to be a very popular buzzword when generally talking about Sheffield. Strictly speaking the airport was opened in 1997 thriving as both a general aviation and heliport centre. The airport offered fixed wing and helicopter flight tuitions as well as pilot trainings. Furthermore the Sheffield City Airport, provided with modern plissee, lots of restaurants and so on, was also famous for pleasure flights and business charters before it was closed on April 30, 2008 at 20.00hrs.